Table of contents Hook your reader Contextualize your topic Establish your purpose and position Check and revise. Your first sentence sets the tone for the whole essay, so spend some time on writing an effective hook. Some strategies to write a hook include:. Next, give your reader the background information they need to understand your topic and argument. Depending on the subject of your essay, this might include:. The information you give should be broad but clearly focused and relevant to your argument. How much space you need for background depends on your topic and the scope of your essay.
In our example, the writer takes a couple of sentences to introduce the topic and sketch the social context that the essay will address:. Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words and awkward phrasing.
Thesis statement - Wikipedia
See editing example. This part of the introduction paragraph is important to set the limits of your essay and let the reader know exactly which aspect of the topic you will address. The thesis statement often takes the form of a strong argument for a particular position. As you research and write, your argument might change focus or direction as you learn more. Whether you write your introduction first, last or somewhere in between, you should return to it and check that it matches the content of the essay.
Make sure you have included only necessary and relevant information.
To see our introduction in context, take a look at the full essay example. You have a strong introduction - now make sure the rest of your essay is just as good. Without the why, you probably have only come up with an observation—that there are, for instance, many different metaphors in such-and-such a poem—which is not a thesis. Once you have a working thesis, write it down. There is nothing as frustrating as hitting on a great idea for a thesis, then forgetting it when you lose concentration. And by writing down your thesis you will be forced to think of it clearly, logically, and concisely.
You probably will not be able to write out a final-draft version of your thesis the first time you try, but you'll get yourself on the right track by writing down what you have. Keep your thesis prominent in your introduction.
Thesis Statement Examples
A good, standard place for your thesis statement is at the end of an introductory paragraph, especially in shorter page essays. Readers are used to finding theses there, so they automatically pay more attention when they read the last sentence of your introduction.
Although this is not required in all academic essays, it is a good rule of thumb. Anticipate the counterarguments. Once you have a working thesis, you should think about what might be said against it. This will help you to refine your thesis, and it will also make you think of the arguments that you'll need to refute later on in your essay. Every argument has a counterargument. If yours doesn't, then it's not an argument—it may be a fact, or an opinion, but it is not an argument.
This statement is on its way to being a thesis. However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments. For example, a political observer might believe that Dukakis lost because he suffered from a "soft-on-crime" image. If you complicate your thesis by anticipating the counterargument, you'll strengthen your argument, as shown in the sentence below.
Some Caveats and Some Examples. A thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered.
A question "Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe? In short, pollution is a major drawback of cars.
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- How to Write a Thesis Statement?
- Effective Introductions and Thesis Statements | University of Minnesota Crookston.
- Thesis Statement Examples.
A further disadvantage is the traffic problems that they cause in many cities and towns of the world. While car ownership is increasing in almost all countries of the world, especially in developing countries, the amount of available roadway in cities is not increasing at an equal pace. This can lead to traffic congestion, in particular during the morning and evening rush hour.
In some cities, this congestion can be severe, and delays of several hours can be a common occurrence.
Grab Your Reader's Attention With the First Words
Such congestion can also affect those people who travel out of cities at the weekend. Spending hours sitting in an idle car means that this form of transport can in fact be less convenient than trains or aeroplanes or other forms of public transport. In conclusion, while the car is advantageous for its convenience , it has some important disadvantages, in particular the pollution it causes and the rise of traffic jams. If countries can invest in the development of technology for green fuels, and if car owners can think of alternatives such as car sharing, then some of these problems can be lessened.
Union of Concerned Scientists Car Emissions and Global Warming.
Like the website? Try the books. Below is a checklist for an essay introduction. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you. Find out how to structure the main body of an essay in the next section. Go back to the previous section about essay structure. Scroll to Top. The writing process What is the writing process? Subscribe to the newsletter. AWL Words on this page from the academic word list. Dictionary Look it up. Writing Essays Stucture Introduction How to get started.
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