Weight reduction was observed in Rate of BMI reduction was significantly higher in the group who had reduced their caloric intake. This first of its kind study from Pakistan, has documented the efficacy of dietary guidance and highlighted the need for further attention to assure balanced intake of foods form variou Glycaemic trend during Ramadan in fasting diabetic subjects: A study from Pakistan. The aim of this questionnaire based survey was to assess the glycaemic control care and management of our fasting diabetic subjects. This retrospective study was carried out at Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, its This retrospective study was carried out at Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, its affiliated centers and Memon Diabetic Centre of Karachi.
Data was collected by a questionnaire including socio-demographic data, duration of diabetes, life style, diet and treatment during and preceding Ramadan of year All Known diabetic Muslim subjects except children below 10 years were included.
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The subjects were asked if they had observed any of the hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic symptoms. The major severity of the symptoms was assessed depending upon the assistance needed. The plasma glucose level during these episodes was recorded where it was available. During the month of Ramadan out of subjects Average duration of diabetes was 9. Majority of the subjects Subjects fasted for an average of 25 days. Overall prevalence of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia was Only 4.
The present study suggests that all diabetic subjects who intend to fast should be counseled before Ramadan about change in medication timings and dose, dietary changes and pattern of physical activity and about role of self-monitoring of blood glucose especially during acute symptoms. Microalbuminuria is a renal marker of general vascular endothelial damage and early atherosclerosis with adverse prognostic implications. It is associated with diabetes, insulin resistance, central adiposity and hypertension.
The Microalbuminuria Prevalence Study MAPS aimed to assess the prevalence of microalbuminuria in consecutively-screened hypertensive adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in centres of ten Asian countries. Cross-sectional clinic-based epidemiological study. Patients attended one study visit with no follow-up. Patients with bacteriuria and haematuria were excluded. A total of 99 subjects were studied out of which Mean age was The prevalence of macroalbuminuria and microalbuminuria was 9.
In Pakistan the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease was Frequency of chronic complications of type II diabetes. To assess the frequency of chronic complications of type II diabetes in subjects attending a tertiary care unit in Karachi, Pakistan. First visit of all type II diabetic subjects attending the First visit of all type II diabetic subjects attending the outpatient department of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology from September to December Computerized clinical records of type II diabetic subjects were analyzed for this study.
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The clinical and laboratory variables were statistically evaluated with significance at p. Mean body mass index and total blood cholesterol was higher for females only. Changing pattern in the risk factors for diabetes in young adults from the rural area of Baluchistan.
Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension | Circulation Research
To observe changing pattern in the risk factors for diabetes as overweight, obesity, smoking, hypertension and family history of diabetes in young adults in the rural area of Baluchistan. A community based observational study was carried A community based observational study was carried out in the rural area of Baluchistan by conducting two surveys, in the years and respectively. The survey was further subdivided into two groups i.
In this study, data of young adults was analyzed. Data obtained in was also analyzed according to the current guidelines and compared with survey.
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A total of and young adults participated in and surveys respectively. Similarly 15 7. Smoking increased from 8 4. Trends of type 1 diabetes in Karachi, Pakistan. Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in type 2 diabetics in Pakistan. To observe the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease PAD and associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes in Pakistan.
A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out at eight centers in all the provinces of Pakistan on A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out at eight centers in all the provinces of Pakistan on people with type 2 diabetes. History of symptoms related to Peripheral arterial disease were noted and anthropometric measurements were recorded.
Testing kits are available for purchase online. There is no cure for diabetes, but treatment can help people to manage it and prevent it from getting worse. Here are some points about treating and managing diabetes.
Scientists have been investigating whether immunosuppressant drugs — effective in treating conditions such as multiple sclerosis MS and rheumatoid arthritis — might help prevent or reverse type 1 diabetes. However, results so far have been inconclusive.
There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, although gastric bypass surgery, lifestyle, and medication treatment can result in remission. Find out more here about non-insulin drugs for type 2 diabetes. It is not currently possible for a person to prevent type 1, but insulin and other drugs can help people to manage their symptoms and live a normal life.
While there may be a hereditary link for both types of diabetes, people can both reduce the risk and manage the progress of type 2 diabetes dramatically by following a healthful lifestyle with regular exercise.
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Anyone with a diagnosis of prediabetes should also make healthful lifestyle choices, as this can reduce or eliminate the risk of type 2 diabetes developing. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Mon 25 March Visit our Diabetes category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Diabetes. All references are available in the References tab. Berridge, M. Vitamin D deficiency and diabetes [Abstract].
Cardwell, C. Breastfeeding and childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. Diabetes and prediabetes tests. Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes quick facts. Diagnosing diabetes and learning about prediabetes. Kolb, H. Immunotherapy for type 1 diabetes: Why do current protocols not halt the underlying disease process? Pancreatic islet transplantation. Pippitt, K. Diabetes mellitus: screening and diagnosis. Rewers, M. Environmental risk factors for type 1 diabetes. Symptoms and causes of diabetes. The A1C test and diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes. MLA Nichols, Hannah.
Evidenced Based Paper – Diabetes Mellitus
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