Full versions of your data such as interview transcripts can be included as an appendix. Here you should interpret the results in detail, discussing whether they met your expectations and how well they fit with the framework that you built in earlier chapters. If any of the results were unexpected, offer explanations for why this might be. The discussion should reference other scholarly work to show how your results fit with existing knowledge.
You can also make recommendations for future research or practical action. The dissertation conclusion should concisely answer the main research question, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of your central argument.
Wrap up your dissertation with a final reflection on what you did and how you did it. The conclusion often also includes recommendations for research or practice. What have you added to what was already known? You must include full details of all sources that you have cited in a reference list sometimes also called a works cited list or bibliography.
How to write a dissertation introduction
Each style has strict and specific requirements for how to format your sources in the reference list. To save time creating the reference list and make sure your citations are correctly and consistently formatted, you can use our free APA Citation Generator. Your dissertation itself should contain only essential information that directly contributes to answering your research question. Documents you have used that do not fit into the main body of your dissertation such as interview transcripts, survey questions or tables with full figures can be added as appendices.
Have a thesis expert improve your writing. Check your thesis for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation. Is this article helpful? As you read you can then cross through material that appears unnecessary, and mark points that could be expanded. This will then form the basis for your next, improved, draft.
Starting your introduction
Just as it can be difficult to begin writing, it can also be difficult to know when to stop. You may begin to feel that your dissertation will never be good enough, and that you need to revise it again and again. It may be helpful to divert your attention for a while to the finishing off activities you need to attend to:. Coming back afresh to look critically at the main text may then enable you to complete it to your satisfaction.
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Remember the dissertation needs to demonstrate your ability to undertake and report research rather than to answer every question on a topic. It is important to allow yourself enough time for the final checking and proof reading of the finished document. Barrass R. A guide to better writing for scientists, engineers and students. London:Chapman and Hall.
Taylor G. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Email: studyhelp if you are a University of Leicester student please use your University email address Keep in touch via:. Personal tools Web Editor Log in. Search Site only in current section. Advanced Search…. Search Site. For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here.
Planning essays. Writing essays.
Developing A Thesis
Thought mapping. Referencing and bibliographies. You could start by making a comprehensive and unstructured list of all the elements and ideas that you need to include, ranging from. Alternatively you could choose to start at stage 2. Under each chapter heading, list a series of important sub-headings. It may be that, for example, a literature review chapter needs to be split into a review of several different segments of literature. In this case each segment can have its own sub-heading, with a synthesis that brings the findings together at the end of the chapter.
Under each sub-heading, list the main content that needs to be included, creating sub-sub-headings if needed. If you began by making a long and unstructured list of content, you can now feed that into the developing structure by inserting it as bullet points under the relevant headings.
You need to ensure that all the content you want to include has been allocated a place. As you go, you can slot in ideas, references, quotes, clarifications, and conclusions as they occur to you, to make sure they are not forgotten.
Concede that an existing point of view has certain merits but that it needs to be qualified in certain important respects. Reformulate an existing point of view or statement of it, such that the new version makes a better explanation. Develop an existing point of view, perhaps by utilising it on larger or more complex datasets, or apply a theory to a new context.
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Fill in the detail, concentrating on getting everything recorded rather than sticking to the word limit at this stage. Share this page:. Navigation Succeed in your studies. Contact the Academic Skills Centre Email: studyhelp if you are a University of Leicester student please use your University email address Keep in touch via:. Structure of Theses and Dissertations. Elements in a thesis must appear in the following order: 1.
Title page required 2.
Elements of a Thesis Proposal
Committee Page Required Effective May 1 , all theses and dissertations must include a page that lists the supervisory committee, and if applicable, the examining committee. The committee page: is the second page of the thesis and is numbered ii lists all examining committee members and supervisory committee members does not include signatures is not listed in the table of contents See Resources for Thesis Preparation and Checking for examples and templates.
Abstract required - maximum words The abstract is a concise and accurate summary of the scholarly work described in the document. Lay Summary required - maximum words Effective May , all theses and dissertations must include a lay summary.
Preface required Sample Prefaces The Preface must include a statement indicating the student's contribution to the following: Identification and design of the research program, Performance of the various parts of the research, and Analysis of the research data. Certain additional elements may also be required, as specified below. If any of the work presented in the thesis has led to any publications or submissions, all of these must be listed in the Preface.
Bibliographic details should include the title of the article and the name of the publisher ONLY if the article has been accepted or published , and the chapter s of the thesis in which the associated work is located. If the work includes publications or material submitted for publication, the statement described above must detail the relative contributions of all collaborators and co-authors including supervisors and members of the supervisory committee and state the proportion of research and writing conducted by the student.
If the work includes other scholarly artifacts such as film and other audio, visual, and graphic representations, and application-oriented documents such as policy briefs, curricula, business plans, computer and web tools, pages, and applications, etc. If ethics approval was required for the research, the Preface must list the Certificate Number s of the Ethics Certificate s applicable to the project.
Table of contents required 7. List of tables required if document has tables 8. List of figures required if document has figures 9. Lists of symbols, abbreviations or other advisable if applicable Glossary optional Dedication optional